What is Cystitis

Cystitis is a bacterial infection in which the bacteria from the large intestine invades the bladder and proliferates and causes inflammation. Bacterial infections occur when bacteria invade the bladder from the urethra. Originally there is a small amount of bacteria in the urine, and the bladder has resistance to that form of bacteria, but when physical strength falls due to fatigue and stress, the resistance of the body weakens. So bacterial infection and proliferation of the original bacteria in the bladder will result in cystitis. Bacteria that cause cystitis include Staphylococcus, Escherichia coli, Serratia, Proteus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Enterococci, etc. Among them, Escherichia coli accounts for around 80% of the causative bacteria.


The main symptoms of cystitis are frequent urination, pain during urination, residual urine, white and cloudy urine and bloody urine. Early stages of cystitis, the number of times you go to the toilet increases. Urinary urgency throughout the day is also a symptom in which the carrier may go to the toilet more than 10 times a day without feeling satiated. The feeling of residual urine may remain throughout the day and there are cases in which the urine may become white and bloody. These symptoms are also paired with pain while urinating.

Cystitis is a disease common to women. Women have short urethras, which is only about 1/3 to 1/4th of a male urethra, making it much easier for bacteria to invade. Keeping the lower body clean is important to preventing infection.


In terms of the infection route, sexual intercourse etc. can also be cause for infection. Before and after sexual intercourse it is important to keep your body clean, such as taking a shower. It is also important to try to increase the number of urination after sexual intercourse.. In addition to the role of discharging unnecessary liquids of the body urination is a form of self cleaning effect, especially when cleansing the body of bacteria.


Cystitis is a bacterial infection, so it is necessary to take antimicrobial drugs (cephem, new quinolone etc). Symptoms improve dramatically with intake of medicine in about 3 days. “

Some patients dislike urination due to frequent urination and urination but some do not consume much moisture, but because it is necessary to increase the amount of urine to wash out the bacteria in the bladder, it is important to take enough moisture It is important.


Cystitis is a disease upon being infected you may be infected again multiple times in the future. People who have had the onset is in danger of recurring so it is very important to take the necessary steps to prevent initial onset. As for prevention of cystitis, putting oneself to become more hygienic is the most important step. “Do not let bacteria enter the body,” “Do not let the bacteria grow,” “Do not weaken you’re immune system”

“Do not let bacteria enter the body,” means to not let bacteria enter the bladder. In particular, females urethra, vagina and anus are near each other, making it easy for bacteria to enter. Replace sanitary napkins and corrugated sheets frequently, such as every 3 hours. Also, try to keep the vulva clean and wipe the buttocks from front to back upon . In case of sexual acts, take a shower, cleanse the body and fingers before and after. Also make it customary to urinate after the act, and discharge bacteria that have entered the urethra or bladder before the act.

Do not let the bacteria grow” means not to increase bacteria in the bladder. Urine accumulated in the bladder has bacteria. Even if there is no urinary intent, it is customary to go to the toilet every 3 to 4 hours. Also, in order to make urination smooth, water intake is important.

“Do no weaken your body’s resistances” this is important not just for cystitis but also other various diseases. Avoid stress, escessive dieting, overwork and so on and always look torwards your bodies overall health. If the lower body experiences a change in temperature like coldness, the function around the bladder may become dulled. The number of urination times may decrease which may lead to cystitis. When the temperature of the mucosa in the bladder is below 32 celcius, bacteria is able to thrive in this type of environment.