Hib Infection
What is Hib Infection

Hib is an abbreviation for “Haemophilus influenzae type b” and it is one of the bacteria that causes serious diseases in the brain and spinal cord wrapped meninges, throat back epiglottis, joints and lungs. It is similar in name to the influenza virus that causes influenza (epidemic cold) that is prevalent in winter, but it is a completely form of bacteria.

Source of Infection

Hib infects with coughing and sneezing by entering from the nose and throat. Hib may be the main cause of hives are meningitis, epiglottitis, pneumonia, bacteremia, and so on. Meningitis is the most commonly occurring disease caused by Hib.Hib meningitis is prone to infants and young children under the age of 5, and it is said that small children from 0 to 1 year old are particularly prone to hib infection. Children who go to nursery schools, etc. have confirmed that the morbidity rate is 2 to 3 times higher than children who do not attend, because they have more chances to be close to other children that sneeze or cough.

Symptoms

Hib enters from the nose and throat, causing inflammation in the meninges that envelop the brain, the epiglottis in the back of the throat, lungs, and so on.
Inflammation of the meninges surrounding the brain by hib causes bacterial meningitis. Bacterial meningitis may also cause pus to accumulate in the brain and increase cerebrospinal fluid. Early symptoms are fever and discomfort, therefore there are many symptoms that is difficult to distingiuish from the common even from bloody examiniation. After inital symptoms, there may be symptoms of exhaustion, cramping and lack of concentration. Many antibiotic treamtment is not effective. 2to5% of children die from this sickness and as an after affect 30% of sequlae still remain.

Prevention

Prevent Hib, with vaccination periodically.Hib vaccine is released 20 years later from after sever epidemic and currently children are now able to periodically inoculate. As hib emerges in babies after 6 months of age, we recommend the child to inoculate as soon as possible.

The number of innoculation depndes on the age of the patient and the age in which the patient recieved their first vaccination. The standard schedule for incoulation is for children from 2 months to 6 months old and inoculation occurs 4 times in total. It is recomended to inoculate 3 times before 6 months of age since Hib is most dangerous after the first 6 months .We also recommend another inoculation at 1 year of age.